It is estimated that there are about 2000 plant species, 160 of those are endemic and grow exclusively on the island.
In the plains that go as high as 300 m, one can find Mediterranean makia bushes, such as Lentisks (Pistacia lentiscus) and Hollies (Quercus coccifera) as well as Oleander (Nerium oleander), Wicker (Vitex agnus- castus), Chamomile (Chamomilla recutita), Mint (Mentha spicata), Myrtle (Myrtus communis), Heather (Erica), “Stafilinakes” (Daucus carota), Wild celeries (Smyrnium), Tree Mallows (Alcea pallida cretica), common poppies (Papaver rhoeas), “Ladania” (Cistus incanus-creticus) and Cretan ebonies (Ebenus cretica).
The semi-mountainous area goes up to a height of 800 m and includes mostly bushes such as Hollies (Quercus coccifera), Lentisks (Pistacia lentiscus), Thymes (Thymus capitatus), Arbutuses (Arbutus unedo), “Agarathos” (Phlomis cretica), Maples (Acer sempervirens), Bryonies (Bryonia cretica), Sedges (Spartium junceum), Styrax (Styrax officinalis) etc., as well as wild flowers, such as the Cretan arum (Cyclamen creticum), Garden flags (Iris cretica), Dragon lilies (Dracungulus), Erianthus (Gladiolis italicus), Tulips (Tulipa orphanidea), Bulb flowers (Muscari commosum), various Cretan orchid species and trees, such as locust trees (Ceratonia siliqua) and oak trees (Quercus).
On the mountainous zone that spreads between a 800 m and 1800 m altitude, there are Hollies (Querus coccifera) and Cretan maples (Acer sempervirens) as well as bushes and wild flowers, such as Yellow violets (Erysimum creticum), Tulips (Tulipa cretica), Cretan achilleas (Achillea cretica), Wild violets (Viola cretica), Crocuses (Crocus Oreocreticus) etc.
Gorges have rich flora and are real heavens with wild flowers and bushes, many of which are endemic and rare. since the wild and inaccessible location protect them from the human factor.