Fossils of hippopotamus and elephants exist in coastal areas and plateaus. The existence of deer and wild goats is testified by their bones found in caves, but also by names of places found in ancient inscriptions. Capra aegagrous cretensis
Today, however, we can observe small and large mammals, a large number of invertebrates organisms, shellfish and insects with particular characteristics that classify them in endemic species and subspecies of Crete.
Some of the animals that distinguished are: The Cretan wildcat (Felis silvestris cretensis), the Cretan Georgian horse, the Cretan Tracer, the Cretan Spiny Mouse, the Cretan white-toothed shrew, the Nymph, the Ferret, the Badger, the mouse with fluffy tail and the Bat.
Compared with other cave-like beings (insects and invertebrates), distinguish the Cretan bee and Rosa Alpina.
Out of the 412 species of birds that exist or pass through Crete the most impressive are the bearded vulture and the hawks, such as Expaetus barbatus, Expaetus foulvus, Aquila chrysaetos, Falco peregrinus, Accipiter nisus, Accipiter brevipes, which nest in Crete.
Falco eleonorae, Aquila heliaca, Hieraaetus pennatus use the area during winter or summer for hunting.
From the migratory species that pass through the distinctive birds are: the Girgaetus gallicus, Circus aeruginosus, Circus cyaneus, the largest colony of Phyrocorax phyrocorax in Crete is found in the Gorge of Ha, while Tyto (Tyto alba) exists in more than 1000 meters.
The seal Monachus monachus and the sea turtle Careta careta, as well as the majority of the 14 harmless reptiles of the island, are able to co-exist either easily or hardly at the marine and terrestrial environment of Lasithi prefecture.